What’s Close to Turkey? Unveiling the Wonders of Neighboring Lands and Seas

Türkiye is located at the crossroads of Asia and Europe. Turkey shares borders with eight countries. These countries are:

Welcome to Turkey, a mystical nation where the past and present coexist in perfect harmony and the East and West collide. This transcontinental jewel features a breathtakingly beautiful geography, a history spanning millennia, and a rich tapestry of cultures.

We will traverse the eight nations that currently border Turkey in addition to the magnificent bodies of water that encircle its shores.

Turkey’s dynamic cities and varied landscapes, such as the ancient ruins of Ephesus and the bustling markets of Istanbul, have long attracted adventure and culture-seeking tourists.

But what truly sets this nation apart is its unique position on the map. With Europe to the West and Asia to the East, Turkey is a mesmerizing bridge between two continents.

I’ll give you a brief rundown of each of Türkiye’s neighbors and talk about what to see, how they’ve historically connected, and the geopolitical forces that have shaped this vibrant region. Our journey across Turkey’s borders and surrounding waters is sure to be educational and enjoyable, regardless of your interest in history, adventure, or just general worldly curiosity.

So pack your bags, grab your map, and let’s embark on an adventure to discover the wonders that lie at the meeting point of Turkey, where the magnificence of nature, modernity, and ancient history converge.

From the Mediterranean coast to the tops of the Caucasus Mountains, there is a world waiting to be explored beyond Turkey’s boundaries.

Turkey, a land steeped in history and cultural richness, boasts a unique geographical location, bridging the continents of Europe and Asia. This strategic position makes it a gateway to a diverse array of neighboring countries, each offering its own unique charm and allure. Let’s embark on a captivating journey, exploring the eight countries that border Turkey, as well as the captivating bodies of water that embrace its shores.

A Glimpse into Turkey’s Neighboring Nations:

  1. Greece: Sharing a maritime border across the Aegean Sea, Greece, with its ancient ruins, stunning beaches, and vibrant culture, is a popular tourist destination.
  2. Bulgaria: Nestled along the Black Sea coast, Bulgaria boasts ancient Roman and Byzantine ruins, picturesque landscapes, and renowned ski resorts, making it a year-round attraction.
  3. Georgia: Situated on the eastern shores of the Black Sea, Georgia is known for its lush green hills, delicious wines, and charming medieval towns, offering a glimpse into its rich history and traditions.
  4. Azerbaijan: Located on the western coast of the Caspian Sea, Azerbaijan, with its natural gas and oil reserves, offers dramatic mountain ranges, ancient cities, and a fascinating cultural blend.
  5. Armenia: Sharing a border on the east, Armenia is home to some of the oldest archaeological sites in the region, captivating landscapes, and a unique blend of ancient traditions and modern life.
  6. Syria: Situated southwest of Turkey, Syria, with its ancient city of Palmyra and diverse landscapes, offers a glimpse into its rich cultural heritage, though current political instability limits travel opportunities.
  7. Iran: Sharing a border on the east, Iran, with its ancient ruins, breathtaking landscapes, and diverse cultural heritage, is a destination for those seeking a unique and enriching experience.
  8. Iraq: Located south of Turkey, Iraq, with its ancient cities of Ur, Babylon, and Nineveh, offers a journey through history, exploring its fascinating archaeological sites and cultural treasures.

Unveiling the Enchanting Waters Surrounding Turkey:

  1. The Aegean Sea: This picturesque body of water, with its crystal-clear waters and stunning views, is ideal for swimming, sunbathing, and exploring ancient cities like Izmir, Antalya, and Konya.
  2. The Mediterranean Sea: This idyllic sea, with its calm waters, white-sand beaches, and picturesque islands, offers a perfect escape for sailing, fishing, and exploring coastal cities like Izmir, Antalya, and Konya.
  3. The Black Sea: This scenic sea, with its picturesque shorelines and rich culture, is a haven for explorers seeking historical sites and breathtaking coastal views.

Delving Deeper into Turkey’s Geographic Gems:

  1. The Bosporus: This narrow waterway, separating Europe and Asia, has played a pivotal role in Turkish history, serving as a vital trade route and strategic military point.
  2. The Dardanelles: This historically significant waterway connects the Sea of Marmara with the Aegean Sea, offering a glimpse into its rich history and strategic importance.

Exploring Turkey’s Diverse Regions:

  1. Marmara Region: This bustling region, home to Istanbul, offers a vibrant mix of cultural attractions, historical sites, and bustling nightlife.
  2. Black Sea Region: This lush region, known for its stunning countryside, forests, and unique wildlife, is a haven for nature lovers and outdoor enthusiasts.
  3. Aegean Region: This coastal region, with its ancient ruins, picturesque beaches, and charming towns, is a popular destination for history buffs and beach lovers alike.
  4. Mediterranean Region: This sunny region, with its stunning coastline, ancient cities, and delicious cuisine, offers a perfect blend of relaxation and cultural exploration.
  5. Central Anatolia Region: This vast region, with its arid landscapes, historical sites, and unique cultural traditions, provides a glimpse into Turkey’s heartland.
  6. Eastern Anatolia Region: This mountainous region, with its dramatic landscapes, ancient monasteries, and rich cultural heritage, offers a journey through time and tradition.
  7. Southeastern Anatolia Region: This region, with its fertile plains, ancient cities, and diverse cultural influences, is a melting pot of history and tradition.

Embark on Your Turkish Adventure:

Turkey, with its captivating neighboring countries, diverse landscapes, and rich cultural heritage, awaits your exploration. Immerse yourself in the ancient ruins, stunning beaches, vibrant cities, and warm hospitality that this captivating land has to offer. Plan your journey, pack your bags, and get ready to experience the magic of Turkey and its surrounding wonders.

What Water Borders Does Türkiye Have

Turkey is a transcontinental country that connects Europe and Asia, so the various bodies of water that surround it have an impact on its unique geography. The significant bodies of water that border Turkey include:

  • Turkey has a long coastline that stretches along the Mediterranean Sea to the south.
  • Turkey’s western coast runs parallel to the Aegean Sea.
  • The Black Sea: Turkey’s northern coast is home to the Black Sea.
  • The Sea of Marmara connects the Black Sea Coast to the Aegean Sea and is an inland body of water entirely contained within Turkey’s boundaries.
  • The Bosporus, Turkey’s narrow natural strait, splits Istanbul, the largest city in the country, into its Asian and European halves. It also connects the Sea of Marmara and the Black Sea.
  • Linking the Aegean Sea and the Sea of Marmara, the Çanakkale Strait, also known as the Dardanelles Strait, is an important waterway for Turkey.

These bodies of water have played a significant role in Turkey’s history, especially the history of the Ottoman Empire, and have made the country a major player in regional and international affairs.

8 Countries That Have Turkish Borders

Greece offers a delightful fusion of culture, history, and natural beauty, situated conveniently between Turkey’s western coast and the Aegean Sea.

Explore Athens’ historic ruins to see the Parthenon and Acropolis, or simply relax on the stunning beaches of the Greek islands, which are situated off the southeast coast of contemporary Turkey. Greece and Turkey have had ups and downs in their historical relationship, but they both strive for peaceful coexistence as members of NATO.

From Turkey’s coastal cities, like Izmir, you can go there by land border or by ferry to various Greek islands. RECOMMENDED POST.

Bulgaria, which borders Turkey to the northwest, draws tourists with its charming towns like Plovdiv and Sofia, both of which have a thriving modern scene and a rich historical legacy. The two countries share a long history, with periods of both cooperation and conflict.

Today, they maintain peaceful relations as both are part of the EU.

To visit Bulgaria, a neighboring country of the Republic of Turkey, you can drive across the land border or take a bus from Istanbul, a bustling city in Northwestern Turkey, or other Turkish cities. RECOMMENDED POST.

Georgia, nestled in the scenic Caucasus Mountains, is a hidden gem. Its capital, Tbilisi, is a fusion of modernity and old-world charm.

The historical connection between Türkiye and Georgia traces back centuries, often characterized by cooperation. Today, these neighbors maintain diplomatic relations.

To enter Georgia, you can fly from Istanbul to Tbilisi or drive through the land border at Sarp. RECOMMENDED POST.

Armenia offers a glimpse into a rich cultural heritage with its ancient monasteries and stunning landscapes.

The history between Turkey and Armenia is complex, mainly due to the Armenian Genocide.

Diplomatic relations between the Republic of Turkey and Armenia are strained, and the border is currently closed. However, you can take a different route or use one of the numerous airlines that fly from Istanbul to Yerevan to reach Armenia, which is located east of Anatolia.

Nakhchivan, an Azerbaijani exclave, is separated from the rest of Azerbaijan by Armenia.

The historical connection with Türkiye is strong, and both nations share linguistic and cultural ties.

However, due to political complexities in the region, direct travel between Nakhchivan and Turkey can be challenging. It often involves flights from Istanbul to the Azerbaijani capital, Baku, and then on to Nakhchivan. RECOMMENDED POST.

Iran offers a tapestry of ancient history and modern culture. The two nations, Turkey and Iran, share a complex history marked by cooperation and rivalry.

Today, they maintain diplomatic relations. There are two ways to go from Turkey to Iran: by car via land borders such as Gurbulak-Bazargan, or by plane from Istanbul to Tehran.

Iraq’s historical attractions, like the vibrant marketplaces of Baghdad and the ancient city of Babylon, make for an amazing trip.

Turkey and Iraq maintain diplomatic ties, and there are land borders that you can cross.

Think about taking a bus or flying to Istanbul and then traveling within Iraq by domestic flight.

Syria is a culturally and historically rich nation with well-known sites like the ancient city of Damascus and Palmyra, both of which date back thousands of years.

The relationship between Türkiye and Syria has been strained in recent years due to the Syrian Civil War. The border is currently closed, and travel to Syria is not recommended. Historically, though, these two nations have shared deep cultural connections.

Before making any plans to visit these neighboring countries, please be aware that travel options and geopolitical relations are subject to change. It is therefore important to check the most recent information and travel advisories.

Is Turkey in Europe or Asia | Turkey is Asia or Europe


Which country is very close to Turkey?

Turkey is bounded on the north by the Black Sea, on the northeast by Georgia and Armenia, on the east by Azerbaijan and Iran, on the southeast by Iraq and Syria, on the southwest and west by the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea, and on the northwest by Greece and Bulgaria.

Which countries border Turkey?

It borders the Black Sea to the north; Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Iran to the east; Iraq, Syria, and the Mediterranean Sea (and Cyprus) to the south; and the Aegean Sea, Greece, and Bulgaria to the west.

What countries are similar to Turkey?

North Macedonia

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